Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a very serious diabetic complication where the body starts to produce high levels of blood acid - ketones. This is a condition where your body is not able to produce enough insulin naturally by the body.
The treatments which are currently prescribed for KDA are-
- Fluid Replacement: Depending on your situation, you will receive fluids to help you rehydrate. This is done to replenish the fluids lost through excessive urination while also helping dilute the excess sugar in your blood.
- Electrolyte Replacement Therapy: As you may already be aware, electrolytes are minerals found in your blood, like sodium, potassium, and chloride. In the absence of insulin, the level of the electrolytes tends to go down, and in order to replenish these lost electrolytes, doctors may inject electrolytes directly into your veins. This is done to keep your bodily functions running as smoothly as possible.
- Insulin Therapy: With fluids and electrolytes, doctors may suggest insulin therapy also to reverse the effects of diabetic ketoacidosis. In case your blood sugar levels go below 200mg/dL, your blood is longer acidic in nature. This is when you stop the intravenous insulin therapy and get back on track with the normal subcutaneous insulin therapy.
Excessive thirst,Frequent urination,Nausea and vomiting,Stomach pain,Weakness or fatigue,Shortness of breath,Fruity-scented breath,Confusion
Physical or emotional trauma,Heart attack or stroke,Pancreatitis,Alcohol or drug abuse, particularly cocaine,Certain medications, such as corticosteroids and some diuretics
Rapid-acting insulins (eg, insulin aspart, insulin glulisine, insulin lispro),Short-acting insulins (eg, regular insulin),Electrolyte supplements (eg, potassium chloride),Alkalinizing agents (eg, sodium bicarbonate)